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Caucasian Lynx (Lynx lynx dinniki)


Scientific classification

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Mammalia

Order: Carnivora

Family: Felidae

Genus: Lynx

Species: L. lynx dinniki

 

Description

Caucasian lynx are carnivores. Their size ranges from 8-17 kg (even 32 kg), body length is 82 to 109 cm. The body is short, legs are long and straight. The tail is short (20-31 cm), with a solid black tip. Characteristic features of Eurasian lynx are black tufts at the tips of the ears and a prominently flared facial ruff. The coat is varied in grey, rusty, or yellow fur. There are three main coat patterns: spotted, striped, and solid. The paws are large and fur-covered, which helps them to navigate in deep snow.

Range and Habitat

Caucasian lynx are one of the most widely distributed cat species. Their range extended throughout Europe, Central and Northern Asia. In Armenia Caucasian lynx live in Ararat, Tavush, Lori, Kotayq, Syunik and Gegharquniq regions. They live in forests and rocky areas.

Behavior

They are most active during early morning and the evening. When they are not active, they spend their time resting under the cover of thick brush, tall grasses, or in trees. They are mainly terrestrial but are adept at climbing and swimming.

Diet

Like other members of the family Felidae, Caucasian lynx are strict carnivores, consuming only meat. Main diet consists of rabbit, has been known to red deer, fallow deer, mouflon and ducks.

Reproduction

Caucasian lynx mating season takes place from February to April of each year. Gestation lasts 67 to 74 days, with females giving birth in May. Breeding interval varies, depending on success of previous season. Females without a litter will breed every year, females with a litter will breed about every 3 years. Typically 2 to 3 cubs comprise a litter, although litter size can range from 1 to 5 kittens. Newborn cubs weigh 300 to 350g and are dependent on their mother for food and protection. They are weaned at 4 months and become independent at around 10 months. Females become sexually mature at 2 years of age and can remain so up to 14 years of age, whereas males mature at 3 years of age and can reproduce up to age 17. They live up to 25 years in captivity.

Conservation status

The species Listed in the IUCN Red List and evaluated as Least Concern.