. .

< Eurasian Badger (Meles meles)

Siberian ibex (Capra sibirica)


Scientific classification: 

Kingdom: Animalia 
Phylum: Chordata 
Class: Mammalia 
Order: Artiodactyla 
Family: Bovidae 
Genus: Capra 
Species: Capra sibirica 

Description

Body length of a mature male Siberian ibex can range from 130 to 165 cm, with a female maximum length averaging slightly longer than 135 cm. Height at the withers is 80 to 100 cm in males. Chest circumference ranges from 92 to 125 cm in males, and 74 to 89 cm in females. Ear and tail lengths are similar between sexes, with ear length from 14 to 16 cm and tail length from 10 to 18 cm. Mass is 80 to 100 kg in males and 30 to 40 kg in females.The coat colouration varies widely across this ibex's range. The general colour of the pelage is a light tan, with the undersides lighter. In winter, mature males become much darker, with varying patches of white on the neck and back.
Both sexes have a dark beard beneath the chin, although it is much less pronounced in females.
Both sexes carry horns, and while in females they are small and slightly arched towards the rear, in males they grow into massive arcs which curl over the back and may even loop back on themselves. A male's horns also have several large knobs on their frontal surface.

Range and Habitat

Most Siberian ibexes are seen in central and northern Asia, Afghanistan, western and northern China, north-western India, south-eastern Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, eastern Uzbekistan, Mongolia, northern Pakistan, and south-central Russia.

C. sibirica inhabits rocky mountain zones, especially those containing steep slopes. The elevation inhabited by C. sibirica can range greatly due to seasonal weather conditions. There is also a large elevation difference between the mountain ranges they occupy. They inhabit mountain ranges from 500 m to over 5000 m above sea level.


Behavior

Siberian ibexes are generally found in herds. Herd sizes are often directly related to population size. The sex ratio of herds differs throughout the year. Females, yearlings, and young males commonly make up herds. Adult males can be found in small herds together. Adult males have also been known to live in solitude when not in rut. Larger herds, consisting of up to 40 individuals, can contain animals of all different ages and both sexes.

Diet

Its diet consists of alpine grasses and herbs, and it feeds in early morning and evenings.

Reproduction

Ibex live in small groups that vary considerably in size, sometimes forming herds of over 100 animals, but more typically averaging 6-30 animals, depending on the region. Diurnal, they spend the day in alternating periods of activity and rest.
Females gestate for 170-180 days and usually give birth to one, sometimes two, kids in the spring. The animals reach sexual maturity at 24 months for females and 18 months for males, although usually only older males mate. Siberian ibex can live up to 16-17 years.

Conservation Status

The species listed in the IUCN Red List and evaluated as least concern.