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Animal Detail ViewՄանրամասն` նրանց մասին

28.02.2012

Armenian Mouflon (Ovis orientalis gmelini)


Scientific classification

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Mammalia

Order: Artiodactyla

Family: Bovidae

Subfamily: Caprinae

Genus: Ovis

Species: Gmelini

Binomial name: Ovis ammon gmelini

Description 

Mouflon have red-brown, short-haired coats with dark back-stripes and light-colored saddle patches. The males are horned; some females are horned while others are polled. The horns of mature rams are curved in almost one full revolution (up to 85 cm). Mouflon have shoulder heights of about 0.9 meters and body weights of 50 kg (males) and 35 kg (females).

Range and Habitat

The range encompasses the Urts Ridge, Vayots Dzor Ridge, Bagrushat and Zangezur ridges.

Arid mountain grasslands with juniter and almond scrublands, subalpine and alpine meadows. Prefer open spaces alternating with rocky outcrops and canyons at 1000-3000 m above sea level. In Armenia mouflons reside constantly, don’t move away in winter and in the hot season are replenished by males immigrating from Nakhichevan.

Behavior

The senses are well developed as the sheep are dependent on early detection of, and flight from, approaching predators, particularly leopard, wolf and jackal. Mouflon have an average life span of between eight and ten years for males and ten to twelve years for females.  

Diet

Mouflon tend to feed early in the morning and in the evening, resting during the day under an overhanging bush or rock, where they are well hidden. Mouflon are gregarious and form non-territorial herds grazing on grasses, unless food is scarce when they will turn to browsing leaves and fruits.

Reproduction

The rutting season lasts from late November to early December. Females usually give birth to a single lamb after a gestation period of five to six months. They are born in mid-May to early June. They reach sexual maturity at about two to three years. 

Conservation Status

The species listed in the Armenian Red Book.

 



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