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Animal Detail ViewՄանրամասն` նրանց մասին

28.02.2012

Bezoar Ibex (Capra aegagrus aegagrus)


Scientific classification

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Mammalia

Order: Artiodactyla

Family: Bovidae

Subfamily: Caprinae

Genus: Capra

Species: C. aegagrus

Subspecies: C. a. aegagrus

Description 

Shoulder height 76-94 cm (male). Weight 45-90 kg. Females are smaller. The bezoar is a handsome animal, its blackish-brown markings contrasting with the lighter body color. Summer coat is reddish-brown, turning brownish-gray in winter, with old males ashy-gray. Underparts and back of legs are white. The dark blackish-brown areas include the face, throat, chest, dorsal stripe, shoulder stripes, flank stripes, front of legs, and tail. The chin beard is long and black and, in old males, as wide as the chin. Callouses develop on the knees and sometimes on the chest. Males have large, laterally compressed, scimitar-shaped horns. The front edge is sharp, forming a keel for some distance, above which are bold, sharp-edged, widely separated knobs. Females grow short, slender horns and do not have beard. They are tawny-brown at all seasons, with a dark stripe from eye to muzzle.

Range and Habitat

The areal includes Sevan Mountain range, the western slopes of Geghama Plateau (Khosrov Forest), the mountain ranges of Garni, Urdz, Vardenis, Bargushat, Meghri and Noravanq Canyon. Some isolated groups have been maintained in Mount Khustup, Vorotan Canyon, in the upper part od Arpa Valley. The type has completely disappered in Pambak mountain range and Mount Aragats.

The typical habitats are rocky mountains with hardly accessible cliffs and sparse forests. An essential requirement is presence of dense scrubs, rocky massifs and shelters.

Behavior

Sedentary, living its life in a small area. Favors steep, rocky terrain, whether in forests or arid regions. May be diurnal or nocturnal, depending on predator and human activity, but older males tend to sleep in hiding places (often caves) by day and feed at night. Both grazes and browses, often climbing trees to feed. Has been seen in trees 6 m above the ground, and on limbs extending out over sheer cliffs. Drinks water regularly when available, usually very early or late, or even after dark. Some observers believe it can exist indefinitely without drinking free water. Extremely surefooted and agile. All senses are acute.

Diet

The diet of Bezoar goat consists of particularly the shoots and fruits of bush species, leaves of trees and herbaceous species. They generally preferred rock vegetation for feeding.

Reproduction

The coupling is taken place by the end of November and at the beginning of December. The gestation period averages 170 days. Does (females) usually give birth to one kid. Kids can follow the mother goat almost immediately after birth. Kids are weaned after 6 months. Female goats reach sexual maturity at 1.5–2.5 years, males at 3.5–4 years. The lifespan of a goat can be from 12 to 22 years.

Conservation Status

The species listed in the IUCN Red List and evaluated as Vulnerable.



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