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Animal Detail ViewՄանրամասն` նրանց մասին

18.03.2016

Pheasant Romanian (Phasianus colchicus var. romanisch)


Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Aves

Order:  Galliformes

Family: Phasianidae

Genus: Phasianus

Species: Common Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)

Subspecies: Pheasant Romanian (Phasianus colchicus var. romanisch)

Description

There are many colour forms of the Romanian pheasant ranging from yellow to blue and other colors. The head and the neck of the bird is green and dark blue. The upper part of its head is greenish-gray. The neckline and wings are covered with dark brown and purple feathers. Its legs are dark grey. There are bright red wattles around the eyes of male pheasants. Male birds have mainly blue coloured feathers. Adult males are boldly coloured and with a long tail. Male birds can be distinguished from females also by their size. Females are smaller than the males, their tail is shorter and they are paler in colour, with yellow and brownish spots and streaks. Romanian pheasant’s can weigh up to 3 kg.

Behavior

They are social and mostly non-migratory birds. They spend most of their time on the ground, sometimes also roost on the trees.

Habitat

Romanian pheasants live in forests, brushy hedgerows. They are found near rivers and lakes and in the wildwoods. This bird is widely distributed throughout Europe, Asia, North America, Ukraine, Russia.

Diet

Pheasant's diet is rather broad incorporating wide variety of insects, snails, earthworms, seeds, fruits, leaves, cereal grains.

Reproduction

Females lay 18-60 eggs per year. The pheasants are polygamous; males mate with several females. Females lay eggs from April to June. The chicks stay near the hen for several weeks after hatching, resembling adult birds by 15 weeks of age. The weight of 6 weeks old chicks is approximately 1 kg.

Conservation Status

This subspecies is not included on the IUCN Red List.



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