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Animal Detail ViewՄանրամասն` նրանց մասին

28.05.2015

Squirrel monkey (Saimiri boliviensis boliviensis)


Scientific Classification

Squirrel monkey (Saimiri boliviensis boliviensis)

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Subphylum: Vertebrata

Class: Mammalia

Order:  Primates

Family: Cebidae

Genus: Saimiri

Species: Saimiri boliviensis

Description

S.boliviensis males have black bodies, while the females body is grey.  They have long and hairy tail, flat nail and pointed claws. The Squirrel Monkey is thought to be one of the most intelligent species of primate and is known to have the largest brain to body mass ratio of all the monkey species in the world. Squirrel monkeys have incredibly good eyesight and colour vision which means that they are able to spot fruits amongst the dense vegetation with ease.

Behavior

Squirrel monkeys are incredibly sociable animals that move noisily in the trees in large troops that commonly consist of  40 or 50 animalsg, but can contain up to 500 individuals. They communicate with each other using a range of different noises. Squirrel monkeys are excellent at climbing and leap between branches to travel  through the forest. Their long tail provides them with excellent balance and aided by their nimble hands and feet, allows Squirrel monkeys to cover vast areas of the jungle.

Habitat

Squirrel monkeys live in the tropical forests of Central and South America in the canopy layer. It is found in Costa Rica, Panama, Bolivia, Brazil and Peru.

Diet

Squirrel monkeys are omnivores, eating fruits and insects. They also eat seeds, leaves, flowers, buds, nuts, and eggs. 

Reproduction

At the start of the breeding season, they begin to fight aggressively for their right to mate. Shortly after giving birth, the female will chase away the male who plays no part in raising the single infant and leaves to join his all-male group. By the time the infant is two months old, it begins to explore more without it's mother and is almost completely independent by 10 months old.

Conservation Status

Although this subspecies of Squirrel  monkeys is not considered threatened, the population is  decreasing mainly because of deforestation and other human negative impacts.   Is listed in the IUCN Red list as Least Concern. 



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