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Animal Detail ViewՄանրամասն` նրանց մասին

28.05.2015

Rainbow lorikeet (Trichoglossus haematodus)


Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Aves

Order: Psittaciformes    

Family: Psittaculidae

Genus: Trichoglossus

Species: Rainbow lorikeet

Description

Small birds with average size 30cm weighing up to 75-157g. They have intense colors; from emerald green, orange, red, yellow, purple to violet, grey.

Behavior

Rainbow lorikeets often travel together in pairs and occasionally respond to calls to fly as a flock, then disperse again into pairs. Rainbow lorikeet pairs defend their feeding and nesting areas aggressively against other rainbow lorikeets and other bird species. They chase off not only smaller birds, but also larger and more powerful birds such as the Australian magpie.

Habitat

The rainbow lorikeet is native to Australia. It is common along the eastern seaboard, from South Australia and Tasmania.

Diet

This bird spends a lot of time for feeding. Most of its food comes from flowers, nectar, pollen, berries and fruits. Rainbow Lorikeet possesses a tongue adapted especially for their particular diet. The end of the tongue is equipped with a papillate appendage adapted to gathering pollen and nectar from flowers, and rainbow lorikeet is important pollinator of these flowers. 

Reproduction

Breeding usually occurs in September-December, but can vary from region to region with changes in food availability and climate. Nesting sites are variable and can include hollows of tall trees such as eucalypts, palm trunks, or overhanging rock. They are dependent on flowering trees. Pairs sometimes nest in the same tree with other rainbow lorikeet pairs, or other bird species.

Conservation Status

The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as abundant in northern Australia and rare in Tasmania. It is listed as “Least concern” according to the IUCN Red List.



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