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Animal Detail ViewՄանրամասն` նրանց մասին

28.02.2012

Golden Pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus)


Scientific classification

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Aves

Order: Galliformes

Family: Phasianidae

Subfamily: Phasianinae

Genus: Chrysolophus

Species: C. pictus


Description

The adult male is about 100 cm in length, with his tail accounting for two-thirds of the total length. This is an unmistakable pheasant, with a golden-yellow crest with a hint of red at the tip, a golden rump and bright red body. The deep orange "cape" can be spread in display, appearing as an alternating black and orange fan that covers all of the face except its bright yellow eye, with a pinpoint black pupil. The face, throat, chin, and the sides of neck are rusty tan. The wattles and orbital skin are both yellow in colour, and the ruff or cape is light orange. The upper back is green and the rest of the back and rump are golden-yellow in color. The tertiaries are blue whereas the scapulars (shoulder feathers) are dark red. Another characteristic of the male plumage is the central tail feathers which are black spotted with cinnamon as well as the tip of the tail being a cinnamon buff. The upper tail coverts are the same colour as the central tail feathers. Males also have a scarlet breast, and scarlet and light chestnut flanks and underparts. The female is much less showy, with a duller mottled brown plumage. She is darker and more slender than the hen of that species, with a proportionately longer tail (half her 60-80 cm length). The female's breast and sides are barred buff and blackish brown, and the abdomen is plain buff. She has a buff face and throat. Both males and females have yellow legs and yellow bills.

Range and Habitat

The Golden Pheasant, also known as the 'Chinese Pheasant' is one of the more popular species of pheasant which is native to the mountainous forests of Western and Central China.

Behavior

Despite the male's flashy appearance, these hardy birds are very difficult to see in their natural habitat, which is dense, dark young conifer forests with sparse undergrowth. Consequently, little is known of their behavior in the wild. They can fly in short bursts they are quite clumsy in flight and spend most of their time on the ground.

Diet

They feed on the ground on grain, leaves and invertebrates (animals without internal skeleton, such as insects, larvae, earthworms, millipedes, snails, spiders), but roost in trees at night.

Reproduction

Female Golden Pheasants lay around 8-12 eggs in April. Incubation time is around 22-23 days. The chicks fledge after 12 - 14 days. Males acquire their bright colors during their second year of life but are sexually mature in their first year. The life span of a Golden Pheasant is 5 - 6 years.

Conservation Status

The species Listed in the IUCN Red List and evaluated as Least Concern.

 



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