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Animal Detail ViewՄանրամասն` նրանց մասին

20.01.2014

Egyptian fruit bat (Rousettus aegyptiacus)


Scientific classification

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class:   Mammalia

Order: Chiroptera

Family: Pteropodidae

Subfamily: Pteropodinae

Genus: Rousettus
 
Species: R. aegyptiacus
 

Description

The Egyptian fruit bat is small compared to some of its megachiropterid relatives. Its wingspan averages 60 cm, and body length around 17 cm. Its weight is typically around 160 g. Males are larger than the females and can be easily distinguished by their large scrotal sack. This bat is typically light brown in color, with darker brown wings. It has large, pointed ears, dark eyes. Its fur is very soft, and the wings feel like pantyhose.

Range and habitat

Egyptian fruit bats are found in southern, western, and eastern Africa, Egypt and Arabian peninsula. They live where there are fruit and flowers, in a variety of habitats from lowlands to mountains.

Behavior

They don’t use echolocation for hunting like bats that eat insects. Instead, they use rudimentary echolocation for navigation through darkness. They are nocturnal (active at night).

Diet

Egyptian fruit bats especially enjoy consuming fruit juice and flower nectar. They will fly great distances to find ripe fruit in season–such as ripe figs–and they assist with plant pollination as they gather nectar.

 
Reproduction

Female Egyptian fruit bats generally give birth to one offspring at a time, although twins occur occasionally. Females typically give birth to only a single baby each year after a gestation period of around 115–120 days. The young are carried by the female until they are able to hang from the roost on their own, then they are left in the roost while the mother forages for food. Offspring typically stay with the same colony as the parents for their entire lives.  Maturity is reached at about nine months of age.

Conservation status

· IUCN status:  Least Concern
There numbers are declining due to loss of habitat from a combination of agricultural development and the effects of political instability in the area. They may also be hunted for food or folk remedies.
· Predators: snakes, raptors, mustelids, cats.



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